Article: Not All Calories Are Equal
Explore the common pathways linking obesity and type 2 diabetes
Feature Article in ADVANCE for Laboratory by Maurice Owen, PhD, FACB
It is estimated that,by 2030, 550 million people will have type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and about half will be unaware of this fact. A similar number are estimated to be at future risk of developing T2DM.1,2 The majority of new cases are due to an increase in affluence leading to chronic energy imbalance with increasing energy intake and decreasing levels of exercise, resulting in obesity. However, recent evidence suggests that the type of calories (energy) consumed can result in vastly different outcomes. The epidemic of T2DM worldwide has been correlated with a dramatic rise in obesity, but the link between the two may be more complex than it seems.